SHOFAROT (Heb. שׁוֹפָרוֹת; "shofar verses"), last of the three central benedictions of the Musaf amidah on rosh ha-shanah . The benediction is comprised of ten biblical verses which mention the shofar and which voice the hope for the messianic redemption of Israel and mankind, to be heralded by the sound of the "great shofar" (Isa. 18:3; Zech. 9:14). joseph albo interpreted the benediction as being a statement of religious dogma (Ikkarim 1:4). In the Ashkenazi ritual, the shofar is sounded at the end of the Shofarot benediction during the repetition of the Musaf Amidah; in the Sephardi and Oriental rites it is also sounded during the silent Musaf Amidah. The recital of the Shofarot verses was ordained in the Talmud (RH 4:6; RH 32a–b). In the conservative and reform liturgies, the recital of the Shofarot verses is preceded by appropriate introductory and/or supplementary explanatory readings in the vernacular. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Elbogen, Gottesdienst, 141–44; M. Silverman (ed.), High Holiday Prayerbook (1939), 157, 167–70 (Conservative); Union Prayer Book, 2 (1923), 82–84 (Reform); P. Birnbaum (ed.), High Holiday Prayer Book (1951), 389–94 (Orthodox).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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